HISTORY TEMPLES AND SANCTUARIES Our religious buildings are intended for congregational worship. Ancient Greek temples were rarely used this way. Built within sanctuaries, they housed deity statues and were more like the homes of the gods or goddesses (e.g. Zeus, Apollo, Demeter and Desponia) who protected the local community. The most spectacular in the region is the Temple of Apollo Epikurios at Bassae. A UNESCO world heritage site, it is an architectural gem. Others sites, like the Sanctuary of Zeus on Mount Lykaion, are less well known but equally as important to the understanding of ancient cult practices.